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Teaching Career Center

A career in education is uniquely challenging, yet especially rewarding. School teachers are tasked with preparing their students with the knowledge that will see them through into adulthood. Adult education teachers may prepare college and university students for future careers or teach a new skill such as a language. Prospective teachers should be patient, calm, and detail-oriented, with an ability to clearly communicate information in the classroom. According to PayScale, the average K-12 teacher salary was about $46,284 as of August 2016 and for the most part, average teacher salaries have maintained pace with inflation since the early 1990s.1 All public school teachers must have a degree and be certified or licensed by the state in which they teach.

On this page you can learn more about teacher salary by state and various possible careers in education. For even more information on becoming a teacher, our Teaching Degrees Center, Teacher Certification Center, and Best Colleges for Education Majors page provide a wealth of information on specific degrees, state certification requirements, and the best schools across the country.

Table of Contents
Why Become a Teacher?
Teacher Career Realities
Types of Teaching Jobs
Top Teaching Careers and Teacher Salary Information
Teacher Career Interviews
Top Teacher Blogs
Education Degrees for a Teaching Career
Best States to Be a Teacher Index
Teaching Careers Outlook
Accredited and Online Teaching Schools
Frequently Asked Questions about Teaching Careers
Teacher Quote: “No one knows how to do everything when entering this field and the best of us are always learning. Ask questions, peek into classrooms, chat with new and veteran teachers and try following some blogs. Teachers are a great resource for teachers – take advantage!” -Vanessa Escobar, California Kindergarten Teacher
Teacher Quote: “Teaching can be one of the most rewarding and energizing careers. Never lose sight of the kids who drew you to this career. When we forget the human aspect of teaching and get bogged down by the pressures of testing, standards, and curriculum, we are forgetting about the needs of our learners. Let your dedication to helping your students succeed drive your energy for the rest. If you do this, you will have a fantastic and wildly exciting road ahead of you.” -Krista Wallden, Delaware Third Grade Teacher

Why Become a Teacher?

Careers in education can be rewarding because educators are able to make positive impacts that may last for their students’ lifetimes. If you are considering a career in teaching, you should consider all of the career-related benefits that come with the job.

Teacher Benefits

Full-time teachers typically receive healthcare and retirement benefits that are more competitive than those found in private-sector jobs. Teachers who participate in collective bargaining or union agreements may receive additional job security. Experienced teachers who meet or exceed standards of teacher quality may also qualify for tenure, which provides an added measure of job security.

Personal Fulfillment

Another benefit of the job is being able to work in a subject that excites you. If you are strongly interested in math, history, English, or another subject, earning an endorsement in that area can keep you involved with your personal interests throughout your career – with the added benefit that your passion will engage students in the subject. Earning more than one subject endorsement can also add variety to your job and prevent your lessons from becoming repetitive. Holding multiple credentials in in-demand subjects can also lead to higher salaries for teachers.

Summers Off

Another benefit of a teaching career is that it is possible to get your summers off. Since most schools operate on a “school year” rather than on a calendar year, schools are typically open between the months of August and May. That means the months of June and July may not be required working months for teachers, so theoretically you can spend your summer relaxing, traveling, spending time with family and friends, or pursuing other interests. Keep in mind that many teachers do choose to work during the summer school session, leading summer classes. Summers are also an ideal time for teachers to accumulate the professional development hours they need to keep their certification status. Additionally, even though they may not have regular working hours during the summer, most teachers spend time during summer months writing lesson plans, getting their classrooms ready, and making other preparations for the upcoming school year.

Teacher Career Realities

At the same time, while there are many benefits to a teaching career, those considering a career in education should be aware that there can also be drawbacks to becoming a teacher.

Long Hours

Most teachers work more than eight hours in a school day due to the time it takes to grade papers and homework, speak with parents, tutor students, and complete the administrative tasks required by schools. This additional work frequently extends to weekend hours as well, but since full-time teachers are usually paid a salary, there is no additional pay for overtime work.

Summers Off?

Many people believe that teachers have summers off, but this is not always the case. Teachers are required to fulfill professional development hours throughout their careers in order to keep their certification; this education is most often completed during the summer months. Many teachers also lead summer classes, especially as more school districts switch to year-round schedules. In addition, many prospective and new teachers underestimate the time that it takes to plan a lesson, much less the curriculum for an entire school year. Even those teachers who are not reporting to the classroom during regular school hours over the summer months are using some of that time to plan for the year ahead.

Types of Teaching Jobs

If you are thinking about a teaching career, before selecting the type of degree you intend to pursue, you should consider the type of education job you envision for yourself. There are many different types of teaching jobs available, from school counselor to special education teacher to preschool teacher. Teacher Certification Degrees provides detailed information on some of the most popular and in-demand education and teaching careers; see our teaching degree programs resource and review our guides to state requirements for beginning teacher certification as well as alternative route certification. If you are ready to look for jobs in your area, check out our Teaching Jobs Board. You can also learn more about teaching career options and average teacher salaries by specialty area using the table below.

Top Teaching Careers and Teacher Salary Information

This table breaks out popular teaching careers and includes grade level, minimum education required, typical education achieved, average teacher salary, and national employment numbers, as well as the job outlook for each specialty area. With this information based on data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, you can learn about high areas of demand for teachers. Note that salaries can vary based on grade level, but grade level data is not available for all teaching specialties. In addition, demand and job growth can change year-to-year based on funding availability at the state and federal levels. This information is the most current available as of early 2016 and will be updated periodically to keep pace with changes in the projections.

Job Title Grade Level Minimum Education Needed Typical Education Achieved Job Outlook* Average Salary US Employment (2015)**
Adult & Continuing Education Teachers Postsecondary Bachelor’s to Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $50,2805 77,500
Art Teachers K to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Varies by state Low demand $46,5556 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Business Teachers 9 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s + Work Experience Moderate demand $46,5557 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Curriculum and Instruction Specialists K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $62,2708 151,100
Early Childhood Educators Birth to Grade 3 Associate’s to Bachelor’s Varies by state Moderate demand $31,0039 See Preschool and Kindergarten Teachers
Educational Technology Specialists K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $62,27010 See Curriculum and Instruction Specialists
Elementary School Teachers 1 to 5 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $54,89011 1,358,000
English Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $46,95212 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
ESL Teachers Pre-K to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $45,80313 See Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Teachers
Foreign Language Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $45,43914 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
History Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $49,03215 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Instructional Technology Specialists K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand See Educational Technology Specialist See Curriculum and Instruction Specialists
Kindergarten Teachers K Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $51,64016 159,000
Math Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s High demand $47,00017 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Middle School Teachers 6 to 8 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $55,86018 627,500
Middle School Teachers, Career/Technical Education 6 to 8 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s + Work Experience Moderate demand $55,19019 14,000
Middle School Teachers, Special Education 6 to 8 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s High demand $57,28020 93,000
Music Teachers K to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Low demand $48,38021 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Physical Education Teachers K to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand See Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Teachers See Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Teachers
Preschool Teachers Pre-K Associate’s Varies by state Moderate demand $28,57022 441,000
Preschool Teachers, Special Education Pre-K Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s High demand $53,99023 26,000
Principals Pre-K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $45,670 (Early Childhood) to $90,410 (1-12)24 See School Administrators
Reading Specialists K to 12 Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $49,90825 See Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Teachers
School Administrators Pre-K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $9041026 240,000
School Counselors Pre-K to 12 Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $53,66027 273,400
School Librarians K to 12 Master’s Master’s Low demand $56,88028 143,100
Science Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s High demand $46,95229 See Middle and Secondary School Teachers
Secondary School Teachers 9 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $57,20030 961,600
Secondary School Teachers, Career/Technical Education 9 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s + Work Experience Low demand $56,13031 80,000
Secondary School Teachers, Special Education 9 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $58,50032 134,000
Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School K to 6 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s Moderate demand $55,81033 198,000
Substitute Teachers Pre-K to 12 Associate’s to Bachelor’s Varies by state Moderate demand $29,96034 560,900
Teacher Assistant Pre-K to 12 Associate’s Associate’s Moderate demand $24,90035 1,234,100
Vice Principals Pre-K to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Master’s Moderate demand $90,41036 See School Administrators
Vocational Teachers 6 to 12 Bachelor’s to Master’s Bachelor’s + Work Experience Moderate demand See Middle School and Secondary School Teachers, Career/Technical Education See Middle School and Secondary School Teachers, Career/Technical Education

Table Footnotes:
*Job Outlook is based on projected employment openings from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics and state-reported teacher shortage areas.
-High demand: Between 9% and 14% job growth from 2014 to 2024.
-Moderate demand: Between 5% and 8% job growth from 2014 to 2024.
-Low demand: 5% or less job growth from 2014 to 2024.
**Based on data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

For Bilingual Teachers, see ESL or Foreign Language Teachers.
For Gifted and Talented Teachers, see Special Education Teachers.
See our General Teacher Career Guide for more general teaching careers.
See our Specialized Teacher Career Guide for information on other specialized education careers.

50+ Teacher Career Interviews

Our teacher interviews feature over 50 teachers who share the lessons they have learned during their careers, as well as advice for new teachers who are embarking on teaching careers.

Teacher Quote: “Teacher librarians in California have very strict degree requirements, as they need a single and/or multiple subject credential and a teacher librarian credential. This differs in each state, but most require something similar. And we cannot overlook the impact the shift to Common Core is having in many states.” -Dr. Mary Ann Harlan, lecturer at the San Jos State University School of Information

Top Teacher Blogs

Our Top Teacher Blogs by Innovative Educators page provides a resource for prospective teachers to find the best blogs written by teachers. These educators share what it’s like to work as a teacher, the top education issues being discussed by the teaching community, and the latest trends and ideas in effective teaching. Teachers from various areas of education share their experiences, along with ideas on providing the best education for young people and adults.

Education Degrees for a Teaching Career

Teacher Quote: “I recommend furthering one’s education by going on to earn additional degrees, participating in Professional Learning Communities and other types of professional development. I look for professional development opportunities in my own system as well as opportunities from other reputable organizations.” -Marla Vaughn, President of the Alabama Conference of Educators

Best States to Be a Teacher Index

The sortable table below will help you learn about teacher salary by state, state-level teacher hiring outlooks, and our view of the best states to be a K-12 teacher. Our table leverages government information on the total number of all types of K-12 teachers including kindergarten, elementary, middle school, and secondary (high) school, along with special education and career specialties. Data for all of those positions are summed in the table below to create the total and projected K-12 teacher counts for the US and by state. We used the real estate value from Zillow for each state and for average teacher salary, we used government-sourced information for elementary school teachers, who are the most common type of educator. We then analyzed what that average salary will buy in terms of median house value in a state to determine the “bang for your buck” factor, as well as the growth rate in the total number of teachers from 2014 to 2024, to ultimately derive the ranking of the best states in which to be a teacher. Sort any column in descending or ascending order by clicking on the header. At the top of the table in a gray box below the top row, the US average can be found as a broad point of comparison.

Rank StateUS Average 2014 Avg.
Elementary
Teacher
Salary*$56,830
2015
Zillow
Home Value
Index**$182,800
% of Median
Home Avg.
Salary Buys
(Higher =
Better)31%
2012 Total
K-12 Teachers
(all categories)
Employed***4,636,300
Projected
K-12 Teachers
(all categories)
employment
in 2022***5,061,700
10-year
growth
(2022 versus
2012)***9%
Best States
for K-12
Teachers
(Avg=1)1
Georgia $54,030 $141,200 38% 156,020 198,540 27% 1.61
Ohio $58,490 $118,600 49% 147,440 162,120 10% 1.46
Texas $51,100 $150,500 34% 425,880 529,960 24% 1.44
Michigan $63,640 $120,800 53% 121,930 125,800 3% 1.38
New Mexico $51,220 $164,600 31% 28,460 35,110 23% 1.34
West Virginia $45,730 $92,700 49% 23,471 24,413 4% 1.31
Indiana $50,350 $114,900 44% 79,420 86,940 9% 1.31
Arkansas $44,810 $114,600 39% 39,340 44,270 13% 1.27
Kentucky $51,160 $127,200 40% 53,790 59,820 11% 1.27
Utah $54,200 $220,000 25% 39,690 49,660 25% 1.23
Alabama $49,410 $122,600 40% 50,750 55,460 9% 1.22
Mississippi $41,010 $113,400 36% 42,320 47,870 13% 1.21
Kansas $45,010 $123,100 37% 48,890 54,710 12% 1.19
Iowa $49,910 $130,300 38% 64,300 70,140 9% 1.17
South Carolina $48,380 $135,100 36% 60,480 67,300 11% 1.16
Nebraska $49,540 $138,500 36% 33,860 37,220 10% 1.13
Florida $47,730 $179,300 27% 236,530 280,160 18% 1.11
Oklahoma $41,880 $113,300 37% 53,210 57,460 8% 1.11
Missouri $50,240 $132,700 38% 89,490 95,330 7% 1.09
Pennsylvania $60,580 $152,200 40% 177,120 181,190 2% 1.04
North Carolina $42,440 $148,200 29% 102,230 115,930 13% 1.04
Illinois $57,950 $156,800 37% 245,370 257,250 5% 1.03
Wyoming $58,190 $192,000 30% 10,460 11,570 11% 1.01
Virginia $60,430 $230,800 26% 135,900 155,620 15% 1
Connecticut $70,820 $238,600 30% 59,770 66,150 11% 0.99
Arizona $43,050 $200,300 21% 69,900 82,780 18% 0.98
Washington $60,190 $280,800 21% 91,700 107,810 18% 0.96
Louisiana $47,780 $166,200 29% 52,570 57,940 10% 0.96
Wisconsin $54,560 $156,100 35% 66,200 68,480 3% 0.95
Idaho $47,060 $170,600 28% 21,980 24,270 10% 0.94
Tennessee $48,970 $129,400 38% 100,670 100,670 0% 0.93
North Dakota $47,710 $194,500 25% 35,410 39,860 13% 0.91
Alaska $71,460 $262,400 27% 10,000 10,970 10% 0.91
Delaware $58,680 $205,200 29% 13,470 14,400 7% 0.87
Minnesota $60,140 $183,300 33% 76,090 77,840 2% 0.86
Colorado $50,180 $284,700 18% 67,400 79,120 17% 0.86
Oregon $56,890 $259,400 22% 42,330 47,720 13% 0.85
Nevada $52,900 $209,400 25% 28,270 30,810 9% 0.84
New York $74,830 $264,500 28% 327,480 344,840 5% 0.83
Rhode Island $69,450 $226,600 31% 15,390 15,830 3% 0.83
Maryland $63,050 $249,000 25% 91,580 99,030 8% 0.82
New Hampshire $54,780 $223,000 25% 23,240 25,070 8% 0.8
Montana $46,720 $186,100 25% 14,760 15,750 7% 0.78
South Dakota $41,490 $172,700 24% 11,940 12,660 6% 0.74
Massachusetts $69,890 $337,600 21% 99,730 107,890 8% 0.71
New Jersey $67,100 $286,000 23% 178,550 185,180 4% 0.67
California $69,990 $449,500 16% 483,600 532,300 10% 0.63
Vermont $54,260 $219,000 25% 9,250 9,240 0% 0.61
Maine $48,770 $195,200 25% 20,720 20,210 -2% 0.55
Washington D.C. $67,010 $500,300 13% 10,470 11,350 8% 0.54
Hawaii $54,690 $545,800 10% 23,270 25,010 7% 0.43

Table Footnotes:
*Bureau of Labor Statistics, Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm
**Zillow, US Home Prices & Values (all home type composites), November 2015: http://www.zillow.com/home-values/
***Projections Central, Long Term Occupational Projections: http://www.projectionscentral.com/Projections/LongTerm

Teacher Quote: “Our greatest work is done behind the scenes, but the school day and our salary is based around when we are ‘performing’. It’s challenging to create high quality lessons that engage students and give students opportunities to learn, but it is even more challenging to do that on a daily basis.” -Elissa Miller, Illinois High School Math Teacher

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Teaching Careers Outlook

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics expects overall job opportunities for teachers and administrators to increase by about 8% through 2024.2 The job outlook for postsecondary education administrators is slightly higher, with a projected 9% increase in hiring through 2024.3 Postsecondary teachers can expect the strongest increase in available positions, with a projected 13% growth rate from 2014 to 2024.4 The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) also predicts increases in the annual numbers of new school teacher hires in public and private schools through 2019. Although school enrollments are expected to grow in the next decade, NCES reports that student-to-teacher ratios will actually improve, primarily because the number of school teachers is rising faster than the number of students. Math and science teachers are in high demand, as well as ESL teachers and those who speak a foreign language.

Frequently Asked Questions about Teaching Careers

Question: Should I become a teacher? How do I decide which teaching career is right for me?

Answer: A career in teaching isn’t right for everyone. In order to succeed as a teacher you should have a real love of learning and be able to work with children in the age group(s) you prefer. Arranging a classroom-based observation or internship can help you decide if you’re truly interested in teaching. Becoming a teacher assistant is also a great way to introduce yourself to the profession.

Question:What degree do you need to be a teacher?

Answer: In order to teach in public schools, you must become certified or licensed by your state, which requires at least a bachelor’s degree. Private schools are not required to hire teachers with a bachelor’s degree, but typically candidates who have this qualification are preferred. If you already have a bachelor’s degree but did not take courses in teaching or education, you may need to return to school to complete a teacher preparation program.

Question:How long does it take to become a teacher?

Answer: The time it takes to become a teacher depends on your previous education. If you do not have a college degree, you can earn a bachelor’s degree in education in four years of full-time study. With an associate’s degree, you may be able to complete a bachelor’s degree in education in as little as two years. Those who already have a bachelor’s degree may be eligible for alternative certification programs, which can be completed in as little as one year.

Question: How much do teachers make?

Answer: Teacher salaries vary by state, education level, and career area. The average teacher salary nationwide is around $57,200.30 However, depending on the type of teaching career, individuals will make more or less than the national average. For example, the average special education teacher salary is $62,180 at the secondary school level.37 Use the tables above to find average salaries for teachers by state and career field and check with resources such as teachers’ associations to find current information for your local area.

References:
1. PayScale, Average Salary for All K-12 Teachers: http://www.payscale.com/research/US/All_K-12_Teachers/Salary and National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics: https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d13/tables/dt13_211.60.asp
2. US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, Education, Training, and Library Occupations: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/home.htm
3. US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, Postsecondary Education Administrators: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/postsecondary-education-administrators.htm
4. US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, Postsecondary Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/postsecondary-teachers.htm
5. Adult & Continuing Education Teachers Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
6. Art Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
7. Business Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
8. Curriculum and Instruction Specialists Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
9. Early Childhood Educators Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
10. Educational Technology Specialists Salary: O*NET OnLine
11. Elementary School Teachers Salary: O*NET OnLine
12. English Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
13. ESL Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
14. Foreign Language Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
15. History Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
16. Kindergarten Teachers Salary: O*NET OnLine
17. Math Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
18. Middle School Teachers Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
19. Middle School Teachers, Career and Technical Education Salary: O*NET OnLine
20. Middle School Teachers, Special Education Salary: O*NET OnLine
21. Music Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
22. Preschool Teachers Salary: O*NET OnLine
23. Preschool Teachers, Special Education Salary: O*NET OnLine
24. Principals Salary: O*NET OnLine and US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
25. Reading Specialists Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Payscale
26. School Administrators Salary: O*NET OnLine
27. School Counselors Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
28. School Librarians Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
29. Science Teachers Salary: Based on Reports Submitted to Glassdoor
30. High School Teachers Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
31. Secondary School Teachers, Career/Technical Education Salary: O*NET OnLine
32. Secondary School Teachers, Special Education Salary: O*NET OnLine
33. Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School Salary: O*NET OnLine
34. Substitute Teachers Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
35. Teacher’s Assistants Salary: US Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook
36. Vice Principals Salary: O*NET OnLine
37. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2015, Special Education Teachers, Secondary School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252054.htm