The Washington Teaching and Certification Resource
Those looking to become an educator in Washington must first obtain state teacher certification. The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction within the state’s Department of Education oversees the process, which is outlined in detailed below.
How to Become a Teacher in Washington
All Washington teachers are required to hold a bachelor’s degree, complete an approved Washington teacher preparation program, and pass the required content exams. There are also alternative paths to certification available to those who have a bachelor’s degree but have not completed a traditional educator preparation program in Washington.
Washington uses a tiered system for teacher certification. Those following the traditional pathway earn the Residency Certificate, the initial teaching certificate for new teachers or teachers from out-of-state who relocate to Washington. A Residency Certificate is valid while the teacher successfully completes two years of teaching in Washington, and it may then be reissued for a time period of five years.
The second level of Washington teaching certification is the Professional Certificate. This license is issued to those who hold a Residency Certificate and complete a ProTeach Portfolio. Professional Certificate teachers must also complete two successful years of teaching and take coursework relating to identifying and assisting victims of abuse. Teachers may also earn a certificate from the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards in order to receive a Professional Certificate.
- I want to be a teacher in Washington, but don’t have a degree: Earn an Education Degree
- I want to be a teacher and have a degree, but not in education: Learn about Washington’s Alternative Certification Process and Programs
- I have a teaching degree and am interested in more education: Learn about Master’s Degree Education Programs or Doctorate Education Programs and Information.
Finding Approved Teacher Education Programs in Washington
One of the most important steps towards Washington teacher certification is completing a state-approved teacher preparation program from an accredited school. When evaluating potential programs, it is highly advisable to ensure that programs considered hold approval through the Washington Professional Educator Standards Board, as programs that lack approval will not qualify graduates for certification.
Those considering an online or out-of-state teacher preparation program should confirm that the school is accredited by its corresponding regional agency. The Washington Professional Educator Standards Board looks for accreditation from one of the six regional accreditation agencies recognized by the US Department of Education. Without this accreditation, graduates of such programs are unlikely to qualify for certification in Washington.
In addition to regional accreditation, schools may hold accreditation from the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparedness (CAEP). This organization is the result of the merger between the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). Although CAEP accreditation is not mandatory, it is considered a marker of high quality in terms of curriculum and process in the teacher education sector.
See our list of CAEP accredited schools in Washington.
The Washington State Employment Security Department projects 483 average annual new annual job opportunities for elementary school teachers, 162 average annual new annual job opportunities for middle school teachers, and 165 average annual new annual job opportunities for secondary school teachers in Washington from 2013 to 2023.2 These projected openings are in addition to replacement openings. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, excluding special education teachers there are about 49,240 elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers in Washington State.3 The average annual salary for Washington elementary school teachers is $60,190, while middle school teachers earn an annual average of $61,030 and secondary school teachers earn an annual average of $62,200.3 The Washington Education Association, an affiliate of the National Education Association, is a good resource for new or experienced teachers interested in working in Washington State.
Washington Teacher Education Requirements
Teachers in Washington are required to earn a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university. In addition, a Washington teacher preparation program that has been approved by the Professional Educator Standards Board must be completed. There are currently 21 schools in Washington that have state-approved programs for teacher education.
Washington Teacher Testing Requirements
In addition to earning a bachelor’s degree and completing a teacher preparation program, those who wish to become a teacher in Washington must pass a basic skills test and a content area test. The basic skills test is called the Washington Educator Skills Test – Basic (WEST-B), which assesses skills in reading, writing, and mathematics. Candidates with high scores on the SAT or ACT may have the WEST-B testing requirement waived. The content area test that is required in Washington is called the WEST-E. Teacher candidates must pass this test in their chosen subject areas in order to earn subject endorsements on their certificates.
Additional Washington Teacher Certification Requirements
Similar to most US states, Washington state requires every teacher applicant to submit to a state and federal background check. Applicants may complete the fingerprint background check process at an Educational Service District (ESD), law enforcement agency, or private fingerprinting service. For specific instructions on completing this requirement, consult the Office of Professional Practices.
Washington Teachers Licensing Application Process
Once all of the prerequisites are completed, candidates must apply for a license through the state’s teacher licensure department. Application documents should include the following:
- Proof of clearance of background check
- Official transcripts showing proof of bachelor’s degree
- Proof of teacher program completion at an approved teacher preparation school
- Passing scores on the required examinations
- Completed application for teacher certification in Washington
- Payment of non-refundable certification processing fee
Most initial certificates can be processed through the state’s E-Certification portal. Visit the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction for further details on Washington teacher certification.
Washington Teacher Salary and Jobs
|Type||Number Employed||Average Annual Salary|
|Preschool Teachers, Special Education||530||$59,130|
|Elementary School Teachers||27,340||$60,190|
|Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School||3,060||$58,300|
|Middle School Teachers||9,210||$61,030|
|Middle School Teachers, Special Education||1,120||$59,260|
|Secondary School Teachers||12,690||$62,200|
|Secondary School Teachers, Special Education||1,870||$61,120|
|Secondary School Teachers, Career/Technical Education||2,490||$62,370|
Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics as of May 2014.
Washington Teacher Interview
Interview with Rebecca Ross, Kindergarten Teacher in the State of Washington
Frequently Asked Questions about Becoming a Teacher in Washington
Question: How do you become a substitute teacher in Washington?
Answer: Differing from many states, Washington requires its substitute teachers to meet the same standards as regular classroom teachers and apply for certification. Therefore, the minimum requirements are completion of a bachelor’s degree and a state-approved teacher preparation program along with passing scores on the state-mandated exams. Candidates who hold a regular certificate in another state with at least three years of K-12 teaching experience may also qualify.
Teaching and Education Programs
1. Washington State Department of Education: http://www.k12.wa.us/certification/teachermain.aspx
2. Washington State Employment Security Department: https://fortress.wa.gov/esd/employmentdata/reports-publications/industry-reports/employment-projections
3. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, Washington: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_wa.htm
4. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Elementary School Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252021.htm
5. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Middle School Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252022.htm
6. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Secondary School Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252031.htm
7. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Preschool Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252011.htm
8. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Special Education Teachers, Preschool: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252051.htm
9. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Kindergarten Teachers: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252012.htm
10. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252052.htm
11. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Special Education Teachers, Middle School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252053.htm
12. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252023.htm
13. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Special Education Teachers, Secondary School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252054.htm
14. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2014 Occupational Employment and Wages, Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252032.htm