Middle School Teacher Career Guide

A middle school teacher, known in some states and districts as a junior high teacher, typically educates children in grades six to eight. In some school districts, grades five and/or nine may also be considered part of middle school. The job of a middle school teacher varies depending upon the course(s) he or she is teaching, but most teachers in middle school specialize in one subject or group of subjects, depending on the size of the school. Excellent communication skills, a love for teaching, and compassion for children are necessary to be a good middle school teacher. This guide provides further information on what middle school teachers do, how to become one, and salary and job outlook.

Middle School Teacher Job Description

Middle school teachers typically specialize in teaching children in the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades. Since middle school is between elementary school and high school, middle school teachers lead a review of concepts learned in elementary school and build on these with more in-depth information, preparing students for the high school years ahead. Middle school teachers plan and deliver appropriate lessons, assess students on their progress, and grade assignments.

Middle School Teacher Requirements and Common Tasks

Teachers in middle schools normally focus on specific subjects such as math, English, social studies, science, art, or physical education. Within these broader areas, a middle school teacher might instruct multiple courses. For example, a middle school teacher specializing in the subject area of science may teach courses in biology and natural science. Their responsibilities vary but include preparing courses, assigning lessons, grading homework and tests, creating classroom rules, and meeting with parents to discuss student progress and behavior issues. They also may spend extra time with struggling students, often mentoring and tutoring them after hours.

How to Become a Middle School Teacher

The path to becoming a middle school teacher can vary depending upon the chosen field and specialty area. However, there are some general requirements. First, every state requires a bachelor’s degree, an appropriately accredited or state-approved teacher preparation program, and a teaching certificate to become a public middle school teacher. To teach the middle grades, the bachelor’s degree earned typically includes a major in the subject to be taught. Following are the common steps towards becoming a middle school teacher:

  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree in the subject(s) you wish to teach that includes a teacher preparation program.
  2. Complete a student teaching internship in a middle school classroom.
  3. Pass your state’s required tests for educators.
  4. Apply for your state teaching certificate.
  5. Begin applying for open middle school teaching jobs.

While you will need to major in at least one subject to teach that subject in the middle grades, it is becoming more common for schools to offer middle school teaching programs that include preparation for two related subjects, such as science and math or English and reading, depending on state-level subject requirements for teacher licensing. Teacher licensing requirements differ from state to state but typically include an exam that demonstrates an individual’s teaching skills and knowledge as well as proficiency in the subject to be taught. Private schools may or may not require educators to hold teaching certification. If you already hold a bachelor’s degree in the subject you wish to teach, you may be eligible for an alternative route to certification. Earning a master’s degree in education is one alternative route to a teaching career in many states.

Middle School Teacher Salary and Job Outlook

Most states have a great need for qualified teachers, especially in shortage areas like math and science. Location, experience, and specialty subject have a large impact on teacher salaries. The national median salary for middle school teachers was $61,810 as of 2022.1 Most school systems offer a benefits package in addition to salary, which may include medical, dental, and vision insurance coverage, as well as paid holidays and sick leave. Teachers may be able to increase their income through tutoring, furthering their education, gaining experience, and/or pursuing careers in administration. Overall, the job outlook for middle school teachers is strong. Employment is expected to grow for middle school teachers by about 4% through 2031.2

Middle School Teacher Career Interviews

Helpful Skills and Experience

Organizational skills, excellent communication and presentation skills, and sound decision-making skills are important for prospective middle school teachers. Teachers should be calm, fair, and patient. Teachers with prior experience will stand out from others. Knowledge or certification in a specialty subject will make a teacher more desirable, particularly in the subject areas of math and science and other areas of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), which are experiencing a shortage of teachers in many areas of the US.

Additional Resources

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: Do I need teacher certification to teach middle school?

Answer: While certification requirements vary from state to state, public schools in all states do require that middle school teachers be certified. Private schools may not require state certification. You can check with your state board of education or college program for further information on certification requirements in your state. You can also get started with our state guides to traditional certification and alternative certification.

Question: What types of courses do I take to become a middle school teacher?

Answer: The courses required will vary depending on the school, but most aspiring middle school teachers take courses in their chosen field of study, as well as courses in education, child psychology, and curriculum design and instruction. Talk to your school’s advisor or refer to your state board of education to find out what courses are required in your state.

Question: How much do middle school teachers make?

Answer: The amount of money a middle school teacher earns each year is dependent on many factors including their years of experience, education level, and type and location of school. However, the BLS reports that the median salary for middle school teachers in 2022 was $61,810 per year.1

1. Bureau of Labor Statistics May 2022 Occupational Employment and Wages, Middle School Teachers: https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes252022.htm
2. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, Middle School Teachers: https://www.bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/middle-school-teachers.htm